Connecting with Canadians

Research Report:

Work-Life Balance in the New Millennium: Where Are We? Where Do We Need to Go?

by Linda Duxbury, Chris Higgins

This paper examines the effects of three types of work-life conflict: role overload [having too much to do], work to family interference, where work gets in the way of family, and family to work interference, where family demands [such as child or elder care] get in the way of work.  To what extent is work-life conflict a problem in Canada and what progress has been made in this area?  This paper uses data from Duxbury and Higgin's 1991 and 2001 work and family studies to examine this and other related issues by asking: Has work life balance become more difficult for Canadians over the decade? How does work-life balance affect quality of life and organizational performance? What factors have the biggest impact on achieving balance? What can be done to help employees balance the demands of work and family?

Release Date: 23 Oct 2001
Number of pages: 92
Document number: 7314
Keywords: stress, job satisfaction, work conflict, employee rights, economic costs